The dengue epidemic continues in Réunion. According to the prefecture and the Regional Health Agency of the island, 500 new cases were identified in one week in early March. On arrival, the Minister of Overseas announced the deployment of national reinforcements.
Reunion is plagued by a new epidemic of dengue, the largest in recent years. Since the 1st In January, 1,698 cases were recorded, of which 566 confirmed only for the week of March 4 to 10, indicate the prefecture of the island and the Regional Health Agency (ARS) of the Indian Ocean.
Currently, 22 of Reunion's 24 communes are affected by the dengue epidemic, especially in the south of the island, where 80% of reported cases are reported. Among the most affected cities, are the Saint-Louis River with 128 cases, Saint-Louis (107 cases) and Saint-Pierre (51 cases). according to 20 minutesrelaying the information, the ARS hoped that the austral winter would succeed in eradicating the dengue virus transmitted by the tiger mosquito, but that was not the case. As for the mosquito control campaigns operated on the island of Reunion, they did not have the desired effect.
The peak of the epidemic not yet reached
The magnitude of the epidemic is all the more worrying as the epidemic peak is not yet reached. According to the ARS, it should be reached mid-April, while hospitals are already in high demand. Since the beginning of the year, they have been facing an increasing increase in hospitalizations and emergency room visits. For now, the ARS is reassuring and says that the situation is "under control throughout the country". However, 20 minutes Sébastien Dehecq, entomologist at the ARS, "if we arrive at 700 or 800 weekly cases, it will be another story".
To face the epidemic peak expected in the coming weeks, the Minister of Overseas Annick Girardin, arrived Sunday, March 17 on the island for a three-day official visit, announced the arrival in late March of 50 agents of the civil protection: 10 coordinating agents and 40 anti-vector agents. "The state will do everything necessary, but it is also necessary that the entire population fight against this spread," said Annick Girardin at a lunch with agents of the Regional Health Agency (ARS), firefighters and soldiers.
A virus without specific treatment
At the request of the LRA, public hospitals in the island, including the Reunion University Hospital, have developed a response plan for the increase in dengue cases and their arrival in the emergency departments and services. hospitalization, reports local site Zinfos974.
For Dr. Sebastien Dehecq, it is also necessary to raise awareness of the population to consult as soon as the first symptoms appear. "On the ground, every day, we come across people who have all the symptoms of dengue but who have not gone to consult," he says. "The difficulty with this virus is that there is no specific treatment, no cure so people stay at home." According to him, the number of people affected by the virus is certainly higher than that recorded by the authorities.
Also known as "tropical flu", dengue is a tropical haemorrhagic fever linked to an arbovirus, transmitted by the female tiger mosquito. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 390 million cases are recorded each year worldwide, 500,000 of which are "bleeding" dengue, that is, more than 2.5% deadly. cases.
The symptoms of dengue occur after 3 to 14 days (on average 4 to 7 days) after the infective bite. Influenza-like illness occurs in infants, young children and adults. There is no specific treatment. While dengue haemorrhagic fever is a life-threatening complication, early clinical diagnosis and rapid clinical management often save lives.